Books were not always arranged on shelves like they are in the modern era. In the past, especially in private libraries and studies, standing books were oriented with their spines to the back of the shelf, often with a design drawn across the thick of the pages, the fore edges, with scenes indicating the book’s content.
(above: books from library of Odorico Pillone, a doctor of law near Venice.)
PCT, WA Section J.
As African American women left the plantation economy behind, many entered domestic service in southern cities and towns. Cooking was one of the primary jobs they performed, feeding generations of white families and, in the process, profoundly shaping southern foodways and culture. Rebecca Sharpless argues that, in the face of discrimination, long workdays, and low wages, African American cooks worked to assert measures of control over their own lives. As employment opportunities expanded in the twentieth century, most African American women chose to leave cooking for more lucrative and less oppressive manufacturing, clerical, or professional positions. Through letters, autobiography, and oral history, Sharpless evokes African American women’s voices from slavery to the open economy, examining their lives at work and at home.
Yenta Laureate - “A Little Sniff of History”